National Motorcycle Safety Awareness Month
May is National Motorcycle Awareness month because across much of the country, motorcycles are just hitting the roads as the weather warms up. However, in Arizona, motorcycles share our roads and highways most of the year.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is promoting a campaign urging that Motorists Should 'Share the Road' With Motorcyclists . There are some concerning trends to watch.
Fatal Motorcycle Collisions are on the Rise
NHTSA statistics show an increase in motorcycle fatalities in recent years: in 2012, 4,927 motorcyclists were killed in traffic crashes, a continued increase from 2011 (4,630).
Those deaths accounted for 15 percent of the total highway fatalities that year, despite motorcycle registrations representing only 3 percent of all vehicles in the United States in 2012. Injured motorcyclists also increased from 81,000 in 2011 to 93,000 in 2012. On a per vehicle mile basis, motorcyclists are more than 26 times more likely to die in a crash than occupants of cars, and five times more likely to be injured.
Helmet Usage is Declining
The percentage of helmet use dropped from 66 percent of motorcyclists wearing helmets in 2011 to only 60 percent in 2012. Head injury is the leading cause of death in motorcycle crashes. NHTSA estimates that 1,699 lives were saved in 2012 because of proper helmet usage, but another 781lives could have been saved if helmets had been worn.
Alcohol is Often a Factor in Motorcycle Deaths
According to NHTSA, the percentage of motorcycle riders who were intoxicated in fatal crashes (27 percent) was greater than the percentage of intoxicated drivers of passenger cars (23 percent) and light trucks (22 percent) in fatal crashes in 2012. Also 29 percent of all fatally injured motorcycle riders had BAC levels of .08 or higher. The problem is especially acute at night. Motorcycle riders killed in traffic crashes at night were over 3 times (3.2) more likely to have BAC levels of .08 or higher than those killed during the day.
To prevent motorcyclist's deaths and injuries, NHTSA offers the following safety tips:
- Wear a DOT-compliant helmet and other protective gear.
- Obey all traffic laws and be properly licensed.
- Never ride distracted or impaired.
- Use hand and turn signals at every lane change or turn.
- Wear brightly colored clothes and reflective tape to increase visibility.
- Ride in the middle of the lane where you will be more visible to drivers.
- Avoid riding in poor weather conditions.
- Allow the motorcycle the full width of a lane at all times.
- Always signal when changing lanes or merging with traffic.
- Check all mirrors and blind spots for motorcycles before changing lanes or merging with traffic, especially at intersections.
- Always allow more follow distance – three to four seconds – when behind a motorcycle.
- This gives them more time to maneuver or stop in an emergency.
- Never drive distracted or impaired.
- Motorcycle signals are often non-canceling and could have been forgotten.
- Always ensure that the motorcycle is turning before proceeding.
NHTSA has additional motorcycle safety tips.
Jay Ciulla is a Phoenix, Arizona personal injury and wrongful death attorney who helps people with motorcycle accident cases. Call 602 495 0053 for a free consultation.